Some people call it "the piano of Turkish music", owing to the large number of frets that make it possible to create all the komas (microtones) available in makam music.
Tanburi Cemil Bey (1873-1916) is the most significant master who also invented the bowed version of this instrument.
Plucked with 8 strings, mostly bottom 2 strings are used. It has a very thin soundboard hollow around the bridge.
Resonance can be generated by shaking the neck. Necdet Yaşar, Murat Aydemir, Özer Özel are among the masters.